Gert Wollhiem, An Allegory, 1920s
Born in 1894 in Dresden, he fought on both the Eastern and Western fronts in World War I and was severely wounded in the stomach. He and Otto Dix shared a studio in Dusseldorf after the war. They, along with Max Ernst, Otto Pankok and Ulrich Leman formed the “Young Rhineland” painters.
He emigrated to Paris in 1933 and in 1937 had three works exhibited in the infamous Degenerate Art exhibition in Munich put on by the Nazis. In France he was active in the Resistance, eventually being captured and detained in various prison camps in France during World War II. He managed to escape in 1942, hiding in the Pyrenees. In 1947 he emigrated to New York City.
Most of his paintings, some 450 works according to Wollheim’s estimate, were destroyed by the Nazis or were casualties of the war’s destructiveness. He died in NYC in 1974.
Gert Wollheim, Farewell from Dusseldorf, 1924